Class War has targeted gentrification as a likely route to stir the masses. Shoreditch’s Cereal Killer Cafe, a hipster joint that sells top-end breakfasts for £4.50, became the symbol of the transformation of east London.

But is gentrification really a bad thing? Are people being helped out of poverty or booted out their homes. We looked at some new figures as a guide.

There have been large decreases in a number of London neighbourhoods that are highly deprived, according to new figures by a research consultancy.

In Hackney and Newham in particular (but also Tower Hamlets, Greenwich and Waltham Forest), there were significant reductions: from 42% of neighbourhoods in Hackney being highly deprived (on the Index of Multiple Deprivation 2010) to 17% following in 2015, and from 31% of neighbourhoods being highly deprived in Newham on the 2010 Index to 8% in 2015.

Gentrification

23%

Reduction in percentage of highly deprived neighbourhoods in Newham 2010-2015

Oxford Consultants for Social Inclusion

But Tower Hamlets is the most deprived district with regard to income deprivation among children – with two-fifths (39%) living in an income deprived family – and older people – with nearly half (49.7%) income deprived.

The analysis from the Department for Communities and Local Government was last released in 2010. The work on the 2015 release has been carried out by Oxford Consultants for Social Inclusion (OCSI).

Deprivation is hard to change – nationally 83% of the areas that were most deprived in 2010 are still in the bottom 10% five years later, conversely 81% of the least deprived areas in 2010 were also in that group in 2015.

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The index is relative, so there will always be a bottom 10% but for these areas it means they are improving at the same or a lesser rate than other areas, keeping them at the bottom.

Deprivation covers a broad range of issues and refers to unmet needs caused by a lack of resources of all kinds, not just financial – income, employment, health, education, housing, crime and quality of life.

Urban areas in the North West consistently have areas in the 1% most deprived. The highest numbers of these are in the Merseyside area and in Greater Manchester.